Aegean Timeline

Aegean Timeline


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  • c. 5000 BCE

    The Cyclades are first inhabited by settlers from Asia Mnior.

  • c. 4500 BCE

    First settlement on Thera.

  • 3000 BCE - 2200 BCE

    The first archaeological evidence of organised communities in the Cyclades.

  • 3000 BCE - 2000 BCE

    Distinctive minimalistic standing marble figurines are produced in the Cyclades.

  • 3000 BCE - 2000 BCE

    First human presence recorded on Kos.

  • 2300 BCE

    Bronze is used in the Aegean.

  • 2200 BCE - 1700 BCE

    Evidence of town planning and more sophisticated architecture in the Cylades.

  • 2000 BCE - 1450 BCE

  • c. 2000 BCE

    Akrotiri becomes an important Aegean trading centre.

  • 2000 BCE - 1650 BCE

    Akrotiri on Thera reaches its peak of prosperity and becomes a flourishing Mediterranean trading centre.

  • 1900 BCE - 1100 BCE

    Mycenaean civilization in Greece and the Aegean.

  • 1700 BCE

  • 1700 BCE

  • 1700 BCE - 1400 BCE

    The culture in the Cyclades is increasingly influenced by Minoan Crete.

  • 1650 BCE - 1550 BCE

    Eruption of Thera and consequent tidal waves, destruction of Akrotiri and other Aegean centres.

  • c. 1600 BCE

    Rhodes has significant contact with Minoan Crete.

  • 1600 BCE - 1200 BCE

    The Mycenaean settlement of Serayia flourishes on Kos.

  • 1400 BCE - 1100 BCE

    Culture in the Cyclades is increasingly influenced by the Mycenaean civilization of mainland Greece.

  • c. 1400 BCE

    Rhodes has significant contact with the Mycenaean civilization.

  • 1100 BCE

    Dorian peoples occupy Greece.

  • c. 1100 BCE

    Evidence of settlement destruction and abandonment across the Cyclades.

  • 700 BCE - 600 BCE

    Temples are built in honour of Apollo, Demeter and Dionysos on the island of Naxos.

  • c. 700 BCE

    Paros begins to export its Parian marble across the Greek world and it is widely used in temples and sculpture.

  • c. 700 BCE

    Settlers from mainland Greece, possibly Samos, settle on Samothrace.

  • c. 499 BCE

    Naxos is attacked by Darius' Persian forces.

  • c. 467 BCE

    The island of Naxos rebels against Athenian dominance of the Delian League.

  • 431 BCE - 404 BCE

    The Cycladic city states side with Athens in the Peloponnesian war against Sparta and her allies.

  • 417 BCE - 415 BCE

    Melos, after supporting Sparta in the Peloponnesian War, is attacked by Athens.

  • 412 BCE

    The Spartan general Astyochus sacks Kos.

  • 377 BCE - 355 BCE

    The Cycladic city states join Athens in the Second Athenian League against Sparta .

  • 363 BCE

    A rebellion against Athenian dominance of the Second Athenian League on Keos is quashed by Athens.

  • 166 BCE

    Rome gives dominion over the Cyclades to Athens.

  • 88 BCE

    Mithridates attacks and detroys the island of Delos.


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