Museo Casa de Leon Trotsky

Museo Casa de Leon Trotsky


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A relatively well-kept secret, the Museo Casa de Leon Trotsky lies deep in leafy Coyoacán, and remains relatively quiet compared to its nearby neighbour, La Casa Azul.

History of Museo Casa de Leon Trotsky

Leon Trotsky was a leading Russian revolutionary, who played a vital role in the 1917 revolutions and aftermath. He clashed with Joseph Stalin, and following the death of Lenin, Trotsky became more marginalised, and a more vocal critique of his rival’s methods and power. He was expelled from Russia in 1929, and later granted asylum in Mexico in 1936. After spending several years living with Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera, Trotsky and his wife Natalia Sedova, lived in this house for less than a year. In 1940, Trotsky was assassinated by NKVD agent Ramón Mercader, who smashed his skull with an ice axe. Mercarder was caught and sentenced to 20 years in prison by the Mexican government, which he served.

The house remains almost exactly as it was when Trotsky lived there: the walls still bears bullet holes from previous failed attempts on Trotsky’s life, and the thick walls, guard towers and lack of windows illustrate the ongoing concerns about his safety. The room in which he was assassinated remains as it did on that day.

Museo Casa de Leon Trotsky today

Various personal effects are still on display, including photographs, letters and books. The interior garden contains plants Trotsky collected during his time there, and today contains a stone stele with the ashes of Trotsky and Sedova inside.

In 1992, the house became a museum in August 1990, on the 50th anniversary of the assassination: simultaneously, the Instituto del Derecho de Asilo Museo Casa de León Trotsky (Institute of the Right of Asylum of the House of Leon Trotsky) as created to help other political dissident seeking asylum in Mexico.

Closed on Mondays. English speaking guides are available on request.

Getting to Museo Casa de Leon Trotsky

The museum is located in Coyoacán, a pleasant southern suburb of Mexico City. The nearest metro stops are Coyoacán (Olive / Linea 3) and Eje Central (Gold / Linea 12), and it’s about a 15 minute walk from either to the house. La Casa Azul is very close by, so it makes sense to combine a trip to both – Casa de Leon Trotsky is often very quiet, so if the lines look horrendous at La Casa Azul, it’s worth visiting here first.


Frida Kahlo Museum

The Frida Kahlo Museum (Spanish: Museo Frida Kahlo), also known as the Blue House (La Casa Azul ) for the structure's cobalt-blue walls, is a historic house museum and art museum dedicated to the life and work of Mexican artist Frida Kahlo. It is located in the Colonia del Carmen neighborhood of Coyoacán in Mexico City. The building was Kahlo's birthplace, the home where she grew up, lived with her husband Diego Rivera for a number of years, and where she later died in a room on the upper floor. In 1957, Diego Rivera donated the home and its contents in order to turn it into a museum in Frida's honor.

Frida Kahlo Museum
Established1957
LocationMexico City
TypeArt museum
Websitehttps://www.museofridakahlo.org.mx/en/

The museum contains a collection of artwork by Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera, and other artists along with the couple's Mexican folk art, pre-Hispanic artifacts, photographs, memorabilia, personal items, and more. The collection is displayed in the rooms of the house which remains much as it was in the 1950s. It is the most popular museum in Coyoacán and one of the most visited in Mexico City.


Museo Casa de Leon Trotsky - History


On November 15, 1996, ceased to exist on Asylum Rights Institute and Civil Liberties and instead was created the Institute of the Righst of Asylum–Museo Casa de Leon Trotsky, A.C., governed by a Board of Directors, chaired by Mr. Javier Wimer.

On the left hand of the entrance hall is the box office and entry to the Permanent Photo Gallery with the display of photographs of Leon Trotsky’s family and his arrival to Mexico in January 1937. Characters that surrounded him during his exile in our country such as Diego Rivera, Frida Kahlo and André Breton, among others, are shown. There are photographs taken by Alex Buchman of Trotsky's appearance before the Dewey Commission too, the arrival of his grandson Esteban Volkov in Mexico in 193 and those that participated in the attacks he suffered in May and August 1940, where are the accomplices, his murderer, the judicial process against him, his funeral and cremation of his body, all can be seen.

There is a bronze bust of Trotsky and three showc ases that display some of the personal belongings of his second wife Natalia Sedova, his passport, correspondence with President Lazaro Cardenas and his widow Amalia Solórzano de Cárdenas, personal books of Trotsky, his glasses, a dictaphone wax cylinder in which recorded lectures, a rifle, a magnifying glass to read, etc . On the wall are displayed posters commemorating various events held around the world related to Trotsky.

•••In the background stan ds an old T -shap ed building divided into seven rooms that was the main house where Trotsky and Natalia Sedova lived. There are a kitchen and a dining room, a studio where Natalia and the secretaries worked, which still retains some of the personal library of revolutionary front door is the study of Trotsky which is full of books and documents, their Dictaphone, a small bed rest, a map and an an cient marble bust of revolutionary willing to sid e of the desk where he worked and where Trots ky himself was attacked on August 21, 1940 by h er murderer Ramón Mercader, follow the bedroom principal, where they slept and Natalia Trotsky and which can still be seen on the walls, holes fro m the bullets of the first attack he suffered at the hands of the old revolutionary painter David Alfaro Siqueiros and his accomplices in May 1940 and forced the Put armored doors and windows to ward off future attacks.

In the background is the chamber o f Trotsky's grandson Esteban Volkov, who was thirteen when Siqueiros attacked the house and received a bullet grazed his foot.

The bathroom is very modest, runs la terally to the bedrooms and is divided into two rooms, a small dressing room with the toilet in the background, where there is a rustic in the closet still preserved original clothes and shoes and Natalia

This viewpoint was built by the former owner of the property, Don Antonio Turatti, an Italian scientist who settled in Mexico in the mid-nineteenth century and that there was a workshop to carve all kinds of glasses and a laboratory that was the headquarters of Scientific Optical Institute. From the heights dominating the grou nds surrounding the farm, as well as different ways o access the river and Churubusco, which at the time of Trotsky, still ran along the wall of the house.

In one corner of the tower is a bronze eagle, said to be representing the shield of the Constitutionalist army of Venustiano Carranza, and was a gift given to Mr. Turatti in recognition of services provided by the scientist to the cause Carranza. Along the perimeter fence that borders the river Churubusco is a two-story building, made of partition wall and was used to house guards and secretaries of Leon Trotsky. Today is an exhibition hall called "House of Guards" where photographs are displayed showing the stage along with Lenin of the October Revolution in Russia and of his exile.

There are images that show the old revolution ary in his role as Commissioner of the Red Army, giving speeches and haranguing the young revolutionary soldiers and others depicting Trotsky as a child and young man, his daughter, Zinaida, and different scenes of political events in which he is seen alongside other great figures of the Bolshevik Revolution, Lenin and Kamenev. Many of these images were censored from the official history of Russia under the regime of Joseph Stalin, in a crude attempt to remove Trotsky from history. In the middle of the room are displayed a couple of caps that were used in the days when Trotsky led the Red Army and the path to the output display photos of their other exiles in Turkey, France and Norway and map with the routes taken by the revolutionary in the years prior to his exile in Mexico. At the end there is a tree of the family of Leon Trotsky which can account for the tragic fate of the majority of its members who were imprisoned or executed during the anti-Trotskyist bloody repression unleashed by the Stalinist regime.

Outside is the garden where Trotsky spent long hours tending his cacti and feeding his rabbits and chickens, which had in wooden crates, next to the house of the guards, which in part is today the museum café. In the middle of the garden stands a funerary stele, made of cement, which is headed by an engraved hammer and sickle, symbol of Marxism and is topped by a flagpole, which flies a red communist flag. This posthumous monument was designed by a famed Mexican architect Juan O `Gorman in honor of Leon Trotsky and enclosed in an urn are the ashes of the revolutionary leader and his wife Natalia Sedova.


Museo Casa de León Trotsky

This museum exhibits the history of Leon Trotsky and his wife Natalia Sedov when they were pursued by the Stalinist regime. You will find letters addressed to President Lázaro Cárdenas, cookware bought in markets and even a wax roller recorder used by Russian revolutionists.

Once rejected by Turkey, France and Norway, Diego Rivera and Octavio Fernandez supported the couple. They moved to the Blue House, but because of the affair between Frida Kahlo and Trotsky, they decided to move to a house purchased with donations from the Socialist Workers Party of the United States. In 1990 it transformed into a museum.

On the first room you&rsquoll find pictures of Trotsky's death, the funeral procession through the city streets and even an image of the corps. The high walls on the backyard were ordered to be constructed for the protection of possible attacks. You can visit the garden where the politician raised rabbits, or onto the garage where many political documents are kept.

In addition to this, you can explore the kitchen and the office where the couple and their collaborators worked.

After Trotsky died in the hands of an infiltrated, President Lázaro Cárdenas bought the property and allowed Natalia to stay as long as she wanted. She died in France in 1962.


Museo Casa de León Trotsky

En el museo, ubicado en la casa de Viena que Trotsky habitó al final de su vida, el visitante puede observar las habitaciones como estaban cuando él las habitaba, el jardín y una serie de fotografías sobre su vida en México. Por otro lado el museo ofrece una interesante variedad de exposiciones temporales, talleres, actividades artísticas y cineclub.

Contact

Rio Churubusco 410, Col.Del Carmen, Del.Coyoacán, C.P.04100 Ciudad de México.

Rates

$20 con credencial de estudiante, maestro o INAPAM

Horary

Martes a domingo 10:00 a 17:00 hrs.

How to get?

Estación más cercana (1.5km) Coyoacán (Línea 3-verde)

Otro
Ruta 200 de rtp, Oceanía sur. Parada sobre Rio Churubusco.
Ruta 116-A de rtp, General Anaya, parada sobre Xicotencatl


Museo Casa de León Trotsky

The convoluted history of the Russian Revolution and the tumultuous early years of the Soviet Union always perplexed me. The founders of the Soviet state consistently acted contrary to the Marxist notion that the state would eventually wither away. In fact, they created the opposite, establishing a oppressively bureaucratic state that governed nearly every aspect of the people’s lives. Along the way, tens of millions of people were murdered, imprisoned, tortured, and exiled.

Trotsky was a rival and opponent of Stalin. He lost out in the power struggle that ensued after Lenin died. He was exiled by Stalin–and later murdered by Soviet agents at his home in the Coyoacán neighborhood of Mexico City.

To some leftists who were horrified by the bloodbath that marked Stalin’s regime, Trotsky was the “good” Soviet communist, the man who argued against the bureaucratization of the early Soviet Union. Color me unconvinced. The Trotskyites seemed no less fanatical than the Stalinists, no less manically intent on producing mind-numbing tracts of revolutionary theory in attempts to justify whatever policies seemed expedient at the moment. While Trotsky did push for more democracy within the Communist Party and less heavy-handed rule by the Soviet state, those positions neatly coincided with his own attempts to gain more power.

The promise of communism captivated millions. Indeed, anyone with half a heart who sees the abuses and neglects of capitalism must wonder whether there isn’t a better system of organizing our economy and society. All that longing and hopefulness had to go somewhere once the horrors of Stalinism were laid bare. A good deal of it was invested in Trotsky, the exiled Jewish Ukrainian communist with the kindly visage and the funky glasses. Since he had never held absolute power in the Soviet Union, it was easy to imagine that he would have been a benevolent ruler. The only problem with this theory is that there’s no evidence for it the only strength of it is that it can’t be disproven.

With this history in mind, I made my way to the house where Trotsky lived and died in Mexico City just after I visited Frida and Diego’s digs. It was only three blocks away.

Although Trotsky’s compound was spacious and had room for his extended family, bodyguards, and servants, it was relatively austere. The walls and woodwork were plain, the rooms were relatively small, the furniture strictly utilitarian. Certainly this was nothing like living in the Kremlin. This room in the photo below was the workspace for Trotsky’s two secretaries. In the left rear of the photo is an old Edison dictating machine.

As I passed deeper into the house, the rooms became even more spare. This was Trotsky’s bedroom. Note the thick shutters, which like the interior doors were a sandwich of two thick plates of steel with a generous helping of concrete in between. The interior doors were built the same way and set into small, deep doorjambs. Those doors were equipped with heavy deadbolts that allowed people to barricade themselves inside.

Trotsky had ample reason to take defensive measures: he knew that Stalin was trying to kill him. In May 1940, a group of assassins armed with machine guns attempted to storm the compound. Trotsky’s guards fended off the attackers bullet holes in the walls still mark this event.

Running parallel to the row of bedrooms was a long narrow bathroom/dressing room.

Trotsky finally met his fate in his study in August 1940. An NVKD agent named Ramón Mercader befriended an American communist, Sylvia Ageloff, who was one of Trotsky’s confidantes. Using this connection, Mercader gained the trust of Trotsky’s family and bodyguards and occasionally did small favors for them. While he was alone with Trotsky in his study one evening, he asked him to read a document. As Trotsky began to look it over, Mercader struck him from behind in the head with an ice ax.

The blow didn’t kill Trotsky immediately, but he died a day later from his wounds.

Stalin was delighted that his old rival had finally been dispatched and bestowed the Order of Lenin on Mercader’s mother, who had assisted with the planning of the assassination. Mercader himself was found guilty of murder by the Mexican authorities and served twenty years in prison. Upon his release, the head of the KGB named Mercader as a Hero of the Soviet Union, the nation’s highest honor.

Trotsky’s home in Coyoacán is supposedly very much as it was left on the day of his death. On his bookshelf are several Edison dictaphone recordings, a book by Marx, two volumes of Trotsky’s own writings, The Game by Jack London, and Willa Cather’s Death Comes for the Archbishop.

The house now has a small museum attached to it, which was something of a disappointment to me. Most of its displays consisted of black and white photos blown up so big as to be almost unrecognizable. There were very few artifacts, personal effects, or other materials that might have illuminated Trotsky’s life. Still, for anyone interested in the history of the first half of the twentieth century, a visit to this site may make it easier to visualize how Soviet exiles lived–and died.


Índice

Trotski se vio obligado a exiliarse en 1929 debido a sus críticas contra el gobierno de Iósif Stalin. Durante los siguientes ocho años, Trotsky y su esposa Natalia Sedova, vagaron entre varios países bajo una sentencia de muerte y perseguidos por agentes estalinistas. En 1937, Diego Rivera y Frida Kahlo, persuadieron al gobierno de Lázaro Cárdenas para dar asilo político a Trotski en México . [ 3 ] ​ [ 4 ] ​ [ 1 ] ​ Al principio, la pareja vivió en la casa de la familia de Frida Kahlo llamada "La Casa Azul", que se encuentra en la delegación de Coyoacán en Ciudad de México. Sin embargo, en 1939, Diego Rivera y León Trotski tuvieron una pelea. Algunas historias dicen que las peleas eran sobre la ideología y la crítica de Diego a los escritos de Trotski y otros afirman que Trotski había tenido un romance con Frida. La pareja Trotski se trasladó a la casa en la calle Viena, en el mismo municipio, no lejos de la casa azul. [ 3 ] ​ [ 5 ] ​ Mientras que México tenía un movimiento comunista activo en ese momento, al igual que en otras partes se divide entre aquellos que apoyaron a Stalin y los que estaban en su contra. En mayo de 1940, un intento de asesinato fue dirigido por el pintor mexicano David Alfaro Siqueiros. El grupo fue disfrazado como agentes de policía y se las arreglaron para dominar a los guardias, colocaron hombres con ametralladoras en el patio interior de la casa y dispararon a las distintas habitaciones de la casa pequeña. Los que estaban dentro sobrevivieron escondiéndose bajo los muebles del dormitorio y solo un nieto, Seva, resultó herido. [ 3 ] ​ Este ataque llevó a la construcción de las murallas que rodean la propiedad y la construcción de torres de vigilancia, lo que le da a la propiedad aspecto de fortaleza. [ 4 ] ​ [ 5 ] ​ El segundo y exitoso intento de asesinato de Trotski se realizó el 20 de agosto del mismo año. Un partidario español de Stalin llamado Ramón Mercader, se había convertido en el amante de la secretaria personal de Trotski bajo el nombre de Jacson Mornard con un pasaporte canadiense. Como tal, se ganó la confianza del hogar y se le permitió a la propiedad. [ 3 ] ​ [ 4 ] ​ [ 1 ] ​ Ese día, Mercader pidió a Trotski que revisara algo que había escrito, cuando Trotsky leía el escrito, Mercader saco un piolet de su abrigo y golpeó a Trotski en la parte posterior del cráneo. [ 3 ] ​ [ 1 ] ​ Trotski no murió de inmediato y quedó consciente en lo que fue llevado al hospital para la cirugía. Sin embargo, murió al día siguiente. [ 3 ] ​ [ 1 ] ​ Mercader fue detenido por la policía mexicana, condenado por asesinato, por lo cual pasó veinte años en una prisión mexicana. Cuando fue liberado en 1960, según los informes Mercader huyó a Praga y después Moscú, donde recibió la Orden de Lenin. Según algunos informes posteriores, él finalmente murió de cáncer en la Habana. [ 3 ] ​ La habitación en la que Trotski fue asesinado permanece exactamente como estaba en ese momento, incluyendo los papeles y los libros en sus posiciones exactas. [ 4 ] ​

El museo consta de la casa en la que vivió Trotski, la zona del jardín y las paredes exteriores con instalaciones de guardias, que se encuentra en una tranquila zona residencial junto a un arroyo que corría junto al río Churubusco. [ 3 ] ​ [ 6 ] ​ El diario la Jornada llamó al ambiente del lugar "real, tenso, no con la abundancia y no siempre feliz". [ 7 ] ​ El complejo fue declarado monumento histórico en 1982. [ 1 ] ​ La casa es pequeña y común para una vivienda construida a principios del siglo XX. Una excepción notable es una torre coronada por un águila de bronce del tipo que Venustiano Carranza utilizó durante la Revolución Mexicana. Se afirma que fue un regalo de Carranza al expropietario de la casa, un señor Turatti. Agujeros de bala de ataque Siqueiros están todavía en las paredes exteriores. [ 5 ] ​ El interior de la casa se ha mantenido como estaba cuando Trotski vivió allí, y parece un poco oscuro y sombrío debido a los bares y persianas de acero en las ventanas. La cocina tiene sus ollas y sartenes, los zapatos están alineados junto a las camas, los suelos y camas están cubiertas por telas mexicanas, hecha jirones. También hay algunos agujeros de bala en el interior. El centro de la casa es el estudio de Trotsky donde todo, las gafas, los documentos, los libros y demás objetos quedaron exactamente como estaban cuando Trotski fue atacado. [ 3 ] ​ [ 1 ] ​ [ 5 ] ​

A lo largo de los altos muros exteriores y las torres de vigilancia son casetas de vigilancia y otras instalaciones que se han convertido en salas de exposiciones y otras instalaciones relacionadas con el museo. [ 5 ] ​ Estas habitaciones exhiben fotografías, periódicos más los efectos personales de Trotski. [ 3 ] ​ Como museo, se añadieron algunos otros edificios a lo largo de las paredes que contienen las fotos de la vida de Trotski, notas biográficas en español de Trotski. La casa de los guardias contiene una colección fotográfica permanente con imágenes de la familia de Trotski, su participación en la Revolución Bolchevique y su árbol genealógico. [ 1 ] ​ [ 5 ] ​ En lo que antes eran los cuartos de huéspedes en el extremo del jardín, se colocaron decenas de fotografías a blanco y negro de Trotski y Natalia acompañados de amigos famosos, como Diego Rivera y Frida Kahlo. [ 3 ] ​ También hay salas de exposiciones temporales, que tiene nuevas proyecciones de varios artistas cada mes. [ 1 ] ​ Las exhibiciones artísticas incluyen una exposición anual de obras de artistas de grafiti o "graffiteros”. El evento anual tiene como objetivo reconocer el talento de estos "grafiteros", que el museo considera que son víctimas de la marginación. Sin embargo, el evento ha contado con la asistencia de funcionarios de la agencia de Seguridad Pública de la ciudad, escuelas técnicas e incluso la embajada de Cuba. [ 8 ] ​ En 2009, la exposición de graffiti fue patrocinada por el secretario de seguridad pública de la ciudad y una empresa de alimentos con una veintena de obras que se consideran las más representativas de un concurso llamado "Las cosas chidas, rólalas". [ 9 ] ​ El auditorio cuenta con ochenta asientos y la biblioteca Rafael Galván tiene una colección de más de 6.000 volúmenes sobre todo en las ciencias sociales, la economía y la política. [ 1 ] ​ El resto del espacio del complejo le pertenece a la zona del jardín, que todavía se mantiene con flores tropicales y otras plantas, como el cactus, que Trotski coleccionaba. Hay fotos en el museo de la colección de cactus de Trotski recogidos en los campos mexicanos y cuidar el jardín, junto con los conejos y las gallinas que se encontraban en las conejeras y gallineros que aún existen. [ 3 ] ​ El centro del jardín contiene una estela de piedra diseñada por Juan O'Gorman, que contiene las cenizas de Trotsky, junto con las de su esposa. Por encima de la estela hay un mástil con la bandera soviética. [ 3 ] ​ [ 1 ] ​ El museo fue creado el 20 de agosto de 1990, al conmemorar el 50 aniversario del asesinato junto con el Instituto del Derecho de Asilo y las Libertades Públicas. Este último fue creado para ayudar a otros disidentes políticos en busca de asilo en México, pero se consolidó con el museo en 1996. [ 3 ] ​ [ 6 ] ​ El nombre oficial de la organización es ahora el Instituto del Derecho de Asilo Museo Casa de León Trotsky. [ 1 ] ​ El museo recibe un promedio de 17,000 visitantes extranjeros cada año, junto con 50,000 estudiantes de las visitas organizadas por la Secretaría de Educación Pública. Esto genera cerca de 20.000 pesos mexicanos en ingresos cada semana. El museo solo está soportado por los ingresos y donaciones. Existe un apoyo ocasional por el gobierno de la ciudad, tal como la renovación de la torre de guardia. [ 6 ] ​ Entre enero y marzo de 2010, el museo recibió 11,000 visitantes, en su mayoría estudiantes y extranjeros, a pesar de la falta de un esfuerzo de promoción coordinada. [ 7 ] ​


Museo Casa de León Trotsky

Our Rating Neighborhood Col. Coyoacán Hours Tues–Sun 10am–5pm Transportation Metro: Viveros Phone 55/5658-8732 Prices M$40, students with ID M$20 Web site Museo Casa de León Trotsky

What if? That’s the poignant question that’s at the heart of this small museum, the home of Leon Trotsky during his exile in Mexico. What if Trotsky had been able to stop the rise of Stalin? Likely thousands of Russians would not have been killed and the Cold War may never have happened. Half the museum is devoted to illuminating the history and ideals of this important figure—and the very different plans he had for Russia than those of his arch-enemies, Lenin and Stalin. The other half tells, through a simple tour of the man’s home, the tale of Trotsky’s fraught existence in Mexico City, which was marked by not one, but two, assassination attempts. The bullet holes in the walls are from the first. Trotsky's smashed glasses, broken when an assassin who had ingratiated himself with the family killed Trotsky with an ice pick, elegantly speak of the second, fatal attack. As a heart-rending coda, the museum also details the imprisonment, execution and exile of the other member's of Trotsky's family. The museum takes about an hour to tour and can easily be paired with a visit to the Casa Azul, home of Diego Rivera and Frieda Kahlo (it's several blocks away).

Note: This information was accurate when it was published, but can change without notice. Please be sure to confirm all rates and details directly with the companies in question before planning your trip.


Acerca de

El 20 de agosto de 1990, en el marco de la ceremonia realizada para conmemorar el 50 aniversario del asesinato de León Trotsky, se llevó a cabo por parte del Gobierno de la Ciudad de México, el acto inaugural del Instituto del Derecho de Asilo y las Libertades Públicas y la reapertura oficial del Museo Casa de León Trotsky ubicado en la vía de Viena # 45 entre las calles de Morelos y Gómez Farías en la colonia del Carmen, Coyoacán.

El gobierno de la Ciudad de México anexo a la antigua finca que originalmente ocupara en vida el líder revolucionario soviético, el predio ubicado sobre el arroyo lateral de la Av. Río Churubusco marcado con el número 410 y que partir de entonces es la entrada oficial al Museo Casa de León Trotsky.

El 15 de noviembre de 1996, dejó de existir el Instituto del Derecho de Asilo y las Libertades Públicas y en su lugar fue creado el Instituto del Derecho de Asilo Museo Casa de León Trotsky, A.C.

El Instituto del derecho de Asilo Museo Casa de león Trotsky

Promuve el estudio, análisis y difusión de la institución del “Derecho de Asilo”

Promueve la realización de actividades académicas, culturales y artísticas, sociales y educativas.

Ofrece al público servicios de documentación bibliohemerográfica a través de la Biblioteca “Rafael Galván”.


Museo Casa de León Trotsky

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Following his exile from the Soviet Union in 1929, Leon Trotsky looked for asylum in European countries like France, Norway and Turkey. After being granted asylum in Mexico in 1936, this is the house Leon Trotsky lived with his wife Natalia Sedova in Mexico City and in which he was assassinated in 1940.

The assassination would be carried out by a Spanish Stalinist called Ramón Mercader who gained access to Trotsky’s house by posing as a Canadian student called Jacson Mornard. Despite Leon’s many precautions which included watchtowers and fortifications that still stand in the house, Mercader would successfully attack him with a climbing axe in August 1940, leading to his death.

The Soviet revolutionary would be mourned by Mexican intellectuals and friends like Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo. Others more aligned with Stalinism, like fellow muralist David Alfaro Siqueiros, would be less grieving. The bullet holes found in the house are the consequence of a previous attempt on Trotsky’s life that some theorize Siqueiros took place in.

Following its declaration as a National Historic Monument in 1982, by 1990 the house was turned into a small museum preserving Trotsky’s personal items. The house and museum are also the home of an NGO dedicated to assisting asylum seekers in Mexico and throughout the world. In the backyard, visitors can find a tomb containing the ashes of both Trotsky and his wife.

Know Before You Go

Located in Coyoacán, just a few blocks from the Casa Azul. Open Tuesday through Sunday 10 am to 5pm. Cost is $40 MEX (about $2.19 USD). They also provide both Spanish and English guided tours for free.


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