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According to a multidisciplinary team working in an area of Italy called San Rocco, in Mugia (Italy), they have discovered a site showing a complex military fortification system which is made up of a central camp and two small forts on the sides.
This discovery could contain the secret of the origins of Trieste or Tergeste, name by which it was known at a certain point in history, and thus provide important information about early Roman military architecture.
This team is led by researchers Federico Bernardini and Claudio Tuniz, both from the International Center for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, who have used different technologies such as LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) and also that of remote sensing by GPR (Ground Penetrating Radar).
The LIDAR is a system that allows to generate more precise images on the characteristics of the earth's surface thanks to a pulsed laser beam. For his part, GPR allows the detection of structures in the subsoil.
Digital terrain models generated by the LIDAR system allowed generate a plan of the different structures of the place. For its part, the GPR has revealed the presence of different structures buried in the place, where several walls could be included.
For his part, Tuniz explained that LIDAR has managed to revolutionize the way of doing archaeological studies since it provides new methods with which to find ancient structures that appeared from prehistory to Roman times, even in areas that are difficult to access or that are covered by forests.
According to the researchers, it is believed that the origins of this place date back to the first of the 2nd century BC., where the Romans were the ones who could lay the first foundations of what is today the city of Trieste. They also suspect that the fortifications may be related to the first year of the second war that the Romans waged against the Histri back in the year 178, something of which the historian Tito Livio spoke.
As Bernardini stated, “The San Rocco camp had an area of more than 13 hectares, larger than 13 football fields, an area defended by large strategically located embankments, close to the natural port in the north of the Adriatic Sea”.
Archaeological materials that have been unearthed so far, and subsequently analyzed in the laboratory, reveal that the construction was done during the first half of the 2nd century BC., at which time the Romans conquered Istria, being a great discovery since it is one of the first examples found of the military architecture of the Roman world.
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