Senebkay, the pharaoh who died in battle

Senebkay, the pharaoh who died in battle


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A recent study conducted on Senebkay, one of the oldest pharaohs who belonged to the Abydos dynasty, reveals that he was killed in battle more than 3,600 years ago. This investigation has also revealed that he died from 18 bone wounds received by the pharaoh, being the oldest to die in battle.

This Egyptian dignitary was not as well known as many other pharaohs of ancient Egyptian times, but thanks to an expedition carried out by the University of Pennsylvania, led by the renowned archaeologist Josef Wegner, found his remains in a tomb in four chambers south of Abydos, about 500 kilometers south of Cairo.

The texts that have been found in the grave, reveal that the pharaoh was the son of Re, king of Upper and Lower Egypt. The team in charge of investigating this find have declared that looters of antiquity have destroyed the mummy, but with a lot of patience and work they managed to recover practically all the parts of the skeleton, where the results are already available to the international community.

The study provided data that reveal that Senebkay was very different from what history has always told us about the great personalities of Egypt. In this case it measured between 1.72 and 1.82 in height, something very rare at that time, but one of the most important findings, according to Wegner, is that Senebkay was the victim of an assault at the hands of many assailants since the mummy has no less than 18 wounds that penetrated the bones.

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The wounds are found on the feet, with deep cuts, the ankles and the lower back. Likewise, many blows to the skull have been detected with objects that have special characteristics, which reveals that they have been the traditional ones of battle axes used in Egypt in those years.

Forensic science and studies reveal that the first blows reveal that they were inflicted at a time when the pharaoh was in an elevated position, perhaps at a time when he was on a horse or even in a chariot. It was at that moment that they first cut his lower back and ankles so that he fell to the ground, where he was later beaten to death with ax blows to the head.

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