Santa Olivia SP-3125 - History

Santa Olivia SP-3125 - History

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Santa Olivia

Santa Olivia (SP-3125) retained her mercantile name in United States Naval service.

(SP-3125: dp. 13,340, 1. 420'6", b. 53'9" dr. 28'4" dph. 36'8", s. 12 k., cpl. 98; a. 1 6",; 6 pdr.; cl. Santa Barbara)

Santa Olivia (SP-3125), a single-screw, steel freighter, was built during 1918 by William Cramp and Sons, Philadelphia, Pa., for the Atlantic and Pacific Steam Ship Co. of New York, was taken over by the Navy upon completion; and commissioned on 1 July 1918 at Philadelphia' Lt. Comdr. George H. Miles, USNRF, in command.

Santa Olivia was assigned to the Naval Overseas Transportation Service (NOTS) upon commissioning. Departing from Philadelphia on 15 July 1918 for New York, Santa Olivia made two round-trip voyages to Europe before the war's end on 11 November 1918. Sailing from New York each time, she carried a total of 10,773 tons of general cargo to Marseilles on the French Mediterranean coast.

Detached from NOTS on 20 December 1918 at New York, Santa Olivia was assigned to the Cruiser and Transport Force, Atlantic Fleet. She took part in the return of United States troops from the war zone making four round-trip voyages between 27 December 1918 and 9 June 1919. Santa Olivia was decommissioned on 21 July 1919 at the Grace Line Pier, Brooklyn, N.Y., and simultaneously returned to her owner. She remained under United States mercantile registry under the names Santa Olivia, Kansan, and Jackstar until scrapped during 1955.

Discover famous folks who joined the fight for freedom!

Before you knew them as actors, musicians, politicians and important personalities, these brave men and women served their respective countries in both times of war and times of peace. This page serves as nothing more than a way to honor that legacy of commitment and service.

Acculturation and Assimilation

Since about 4,000 South Americans immigrated each year from 1910 to 1930, the U.S. population now includes third and fourth generation Paraguayan Americans. U.S. Census statistics indicate that by 1979, first and second generation South Americans numbered over 350,000, with settlements concentrated in cities of the Northeast including New York and Chicago. Paraguayan Americans gravitated toward urban areas because their education, occupation skills and lifestyles matched urban life. The 1990 U.S. Census stated that approximately 5,415 people of Paraguayan ancestry lived in the United States. Of those people, 1,886 were native to Paraguay.

The Spanish influence on Paraguayan culture has prepared Paraguayan Americans to be at home in American culture. Because 70 percent of Paraguayans speak Spanish, and because of the growth of the Hispanic ethnic group in America, many Paraguayan Americans are able to communicate with less difficulty. Newsstands offer publications in Spanish, banks provide literature and automated tellers in Spanish, even Walmart offers a Spanish translation check-out procedure. Many product labels and instructions include a Spanish version and grocers offer products known and consumed by the Hispanic community.


Because most Paraguayan Americans have a Roman Catholic heritage, their customs and traditions are similar to those of all Latin American groups, including the U.S. Hispanic community.

In general, attitudes toward community and family follow the traditional Hispanic heritage of emphasis on bonds of family loyalty. Paraguayan Americans establish kin-based mutual support by settling in communities where other Paraguayan Americans live.

Families of adopted Paraguayan children often join a local or state community of adoptive families and meet several times yearly to allow their children to meet other Paraguayans. For example, the Ninos del Paraguay Picnic of Needham, Massachusetts, gathered 625 people for its picnic in 1997. Adoptive family networks also exist in northern California, Unionville, Connecticut, Brooklyn, New York, Princeton and Fairlawn New Jersey, and Silver Spring, Maryland.


Paraguayan foods are simple but tasty. The most popular dishes consist of corn, meat, milk and cheese. Manioc, a starchy tuber, is the main source of carbohydrates, and is added to just about everything. The main dishes are: Puchero, Bori-Bori, Chipa, Asado, So'o-yosopy, Locro, Guiso, Mazamorra and the famous and popular Chipa, a bread made from manioc flour. The dishes are described below.

Puchero, a meat stew, is made of boiled hominy and chopped parsley, pepper, squash, carrots or tomatoes. It is flavored with garlic or onion, and thickened with rice or cornmeal dumplings called Bori. Dumplings are often used in soup dishes in South America, and Bori-Bori is a Paraguayan Dumpling Soup.

Meat dishes as well as tropical and subtropical foodstuffs play an important role in the Paraguayan diet. The most typical Paraguayan meat is Asado, a grilled barbecue. Another favorite meat dish is Guiso, made with sausage or organ meat with rice browned in oil and flavored with tomato paste and onion. Main dishes are accompanied by chunks of toasted Chipa.

Grains, particularly maize, and manioc (cassava) are incorporated into almost all meals. A typical meal includes Locro, a maize stew, mazamorra, corn mush, mbaipy so-ó, a hot maize pudding with meat chunks, and sooyo sopy, a thick soup made of ground meat and served with rice or noodles. Desserts include mbaipy he-é, a delicious mix of corn, milk and molasses. For ceremonial occasions, Sopa Paraguaya is prepared using cornmeal cooked in oil with milk, eggs, cheese, onion and other ingredients. A green tea called mate is consumed in vast quantities while mosto (sugar-cane juice) is also enjoyed.

The drink preferred by Paraguayans is a locally produced dark rum called caña, an alcoholic beverage made from sugar cane, and terere, an infusion of yerba mate and cold water. This mixture is sometimes flavored with medicinal herbs. It is served in guampas or mates (gourd) and sipped through a Bombilla, which is a metal straw.


Clothing worn by Paraguayans is similar to that worn by other Latin American nations, though Paraguayan women favor brighter colors. Men and women wear the poncho, and women wear shawls called rebozos. There is no distinctive aboriginal costume. Working-class adults and children go barefoot. This is possible because the mineral-deficient soil is seldom hard or rocky. A colonial attire that is still seen on males in the rural areas is loose baggy pants called bombachas, and a short jacket with a neckerchief in place of a shirt. Broadbrim straw hats are worn by everyone.

Paraguayans produce and wear Aho-poi, fine linen cloth embroidered with threads of the same color, generally white. Aho-poi shirts, blouses, tablecloths and napkins are in great demand around the world.


Fiestas always include dancing. In Paraguay, town halls and homes of the wealthy have outdoor tile or clay dance floors. Many Paraguayan dances resemble the polka as well as the waltz and the tango. Dances such as the bottle dance are much livelier. Several dancers appear on a stage while one dancer dances with a bottle on her head. During the dance, several bottles are stacked on top of each other until as many as fourteen bottles are added. Music is usually provided by a pair of guitars accompanied by the small native harp, the arpa.


Prominent celebrations in addition to Christmas, New Year's Day and Easter include Día de San Blas (Patron Saint of Paraguay) in February, Paz del Chaco (End of the Chaco War) on June 12 and the Fundación de Asunción (Founding of Asunción) on August 15. Official holidays observed in Paraguay also include Labour Day on May 1, National Independence Day on May 15, and the Virgin of Caacupe celebration on December 8.


Paraguayans have no documented health problems other than poor teeth, a problem attributed to the lack of calcium and iodine in the diet.

Santa Olivia SP-3125 - History

Olive Ann Oatman was just an 11-year-old girl in the summer of 1849 when her father, Royse Oatman, a former farmer and store-owner from New York, decided to relocate her, her mother, three sisters, and three brothers to the New Mexico Territory (now Arizona). Royse Oatman could not have known the tragic and horrific fate that would befall his family, and so with a mind to forge a better life for them, he and his family joined a colony of Brewsterite Mormons planning to settle in the Yuma area.

Some 50 colonists, including the Oatman clan, gathered at Independence, Missouri in the Spring of 1850. They organized a wagon train under James Brewster and on August 10, embarked on their perilous journey down the Santa Fe Trail. It did not take long for dissension to cause confusion and conflict among the wayfarers and to cause the group to split. Eight of the wagons now followed the Rio Grande-Gila route with Royse Oatman at the helm. With a shift in his objective and a new determination to go to California, Oatman led his party with little mercy. They rode long and hard under the sun’s oppressive heat and atop the unruly terrain, and when several of his oxen collapsed from exhaustion and members of the crew wanted to stop and rest, Oatman forged on with his family, fearing that his stock would perish before reaching California.

The Oatmans had been traveling for nearly a year by March 18, 1851. The family was moving along the Gila River (later known as Oatman flat) when some 19 Yavapai attacked them. They were eighty miles from Fort Yuma. Young Olive, now thirteen, watched in horror as her mother, father, brothers and sisters were bludgeoned in their heads with war clubs until they died. Only she and her sister, Mary Ann, aged seven, were spared. Her brother Lorenzo, fifteen, was left for dead but managed to escape.

Olive and Mary Ann were abducted and brought to a Yavapai rancheria where they were “made to be drudges for the village and often beaten. In their new lives the young girls were expected to bring wood, tend fires, gather grass seeds” and perform other tasks. A year past and the Yavapai sold the Oatman sisters to some visiting Mohaves, who took them on foot to their village on the Colorado River north of Bill Williams Fort. “The Mohave lived in better shelters than the Yavapai’s wickiups and they treated the sisters with more kindness– providing them with ground on which to grow wheat, corn, and melons. [Historians] have found evidence that the girls were reasonably happy in their captivity.”

Olive and Mary Ann were both marked with blue tattoos on their chins, a tattoo that all Mohave women wore. Tattoos were a way of identifying people in the afterlife. “[They] pricked the skin in small regular rows on our chins with a very sharp stick, until they bled freely,” Olive would later write.

A drought plagued the region in 1853 causing crops to dry up and many Indians to starve. Young Mary Ann grew too weak to accompany Olive on her hunts for seeds, roots and other grains and she died. Meanwhile, Lorenzo Oatman, who was left for dead during his family’s massacre had been rescued by Maricopa Indians and returned to the families that had stayed behind when his father insisted on moving towards California. They took him to Fort Yuma and immediately began a frantic effort to trace his sisters’ whereabouts. His efforts were successful and on Feb. 22, 1856 the Fort Yuma Commandant sent Fransisco, a Yuma Indian who helped trace Olive Oatman to the village in Mohave Valley, to arrange for her release. She was released and brought to the post.

Olive had assimilated so well into Mohave culture during the four years that she lived among them that she had nearly forgotten English. But after returning to the east to live with relatives in Albany, New York and attending school, she quickly regained her mother tongue. She shared her story with a California Clergyman, Rev. Royal B. Stratton, who chronicled her experience in a book called Life Among the Indians Being an Interesting Narrative of the Captivity of the Oatman Girls (1857). She also used her voice to share her harrowing story, giving lectures on her captivity and on customs of Native Americans. Olive eventually married John B. Fairchild in 1865 and relocated to Sherman, Texas. She remained there until her death in 1903.

Olive Oatman’s legacy lives on and can be seen as an historical counterpart for the character of Eva on AMC’s Hell On Wheels.

Edward T. James et al., eds., Notable American Women 1607-1950: A Biographical Dictionary. Cambridge: Belknap Press, 1971.

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Pedophile Confesses to Killing JonBenet Ramsey in Letters to Friend

JonBenét Ramsey was six years old when she was found dead in her parents house on Christmas.

A longtime suspect in the 1996 murder of JonBenét Ramsey in Boulder, Colorado, has allegedly confessed to &ldquoaccidentally&rdquo killing the six-year-old in a series of letters sent to a former high school classmate, according to the Daily Mail . Gary Oliva, 54, is a convicted pedophile currently serving a 10-year sentence in Colorado for possession of child pornography, but is up for parole in 2020.

&ldquoI never loved anyone like I did JonBenét and yet I let her slip and her head bashed in half and I watched her die,&rdquo Oliva wrote in a letter to his former classmate, Michael Vail. &ldquoIt was an accident. Please believe me. She was not like the other kids.&rdquo

In another letter to Vail, Oliva wrote, &ldquoJonBenét completely changed me and removed all evil from me. Just one look at her beautiful face, her glowing beautiful skin, and her divine God-body, I realized I was wrong to kill other kids. Yet by accident she died and it was my fault.&rdquo

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Vail has suspected his old high school buddy killed JonBenét for the last 22 years, ever since he received a disturbing phone call from Oliva shortly after the murder and before the case made national headlines.

“My suspicions began when Gary called me late at night on December 26, 1996,&rdquo Vail, who lives in Ventura, California, told the Daily Mail. &ldquoHe was sobbing and said, ‘I hurt a little girl.’ &hellip I tried to get more information out of him. The only other thing he told me was that he was in the Boulder, Colorado area. On December 27 I read on the front page of my local newspaper ‘Girl, 6, slain in Boulder, Colorado’. &hellip I immediately called the Boulder Police Department and told them what I knew about Gary and what he had told me just days earlier. They didn’t get back to me. Three months later I called the police again to find out what was going on in its investigation of Gary, but instead I was sent to a police answering machine set up for tips on the JonBenét case. I left a message on the recorded line and again I never heard back from investigators.&rdquo

Boulder City Police Department

Back in 1996, Oliva was a registered sex offender whose listed address was not far from the Ramsey home, and he reportedly attended a candlelight vigil shortly after JonBenét&rsquos murder. But despite receiving several tips from Vail, Boulder Police didn&rsquot consider Oliva a suspect until 2000, when he was arrested on unrelated charges and police found a photo of JonBenét, a poem he&rsquod written titled ‘Ode to JonBenét’, and a stun gun among his possessions. Several investigators, including Lou Smit, a retired homicide detective hired by the Boulder District Attorney, had theorized that a stun gun may have been used to subdue JonBenét the night of the murder.

Boulder Police investigators lost interest in Oliva when new DNA testing methods failed to match his DNA to the crime scene evidence, but the department has since acknowledged that the crime scene was mishandled. In 2002, Smit (who has since passed away) told 48 Hours that he still considered Oliva a suspect. So did Vail, who told the Daily Mail that Boulder police have placed &ldquotoo much emphasis on DNA matches&rdquo when it&rsquos well known that &ldquothe crime scene and evidence in the case was compromised.&rdquo Haunted by Oliva&rsquos tearful phone call, Vail has maintained contact with him for years in hopes of eliciting a confession.

&ldquoI’ve continued this for decades now, even with him being in prison,&rdquo Vail said. &ldquoBut he has only just admitted to killing her. He believes he will go to hell if he doesn’t admit to it. I have now sent these letters to Boulder police in the hope it will get Gary to provide them with firm proof and to name who else may have been involved in JonBenét’s death. &hellip Now they have this, a written confession, the police need to charge him with her murder.&rdquo

Oliva has been behind bars in Colorado since 2016, when he was arrested by Boulder police on child porn charges &mdash and according to the Daily Mail, Oliva may have even taken responsibility for JonBenét&rsquos murder.

&ldquoI pleaded guilty to the murder of JonBenét as well as countless charges of assaults and sexual abuse against many children,&rdquo Oliva wrote in a recent letter to Vail, according to the Daily Mail. &ldquoThere were various agreements made by me and the court which I signed many pages.&rdquo

While there is no such plea on the record, the arrest affidavit, while redacted, very likely alludes to Oliva&rsquos longtime, ongoing obsession with JonBenét. According to the affidavit, obtained by the Daily Mail, investigators found on Oliva&rsquos phone &ldquoapproximately 335 photos that had something to do with [REDACTED].&rdquo

&ldquoSome were regular photographs of her, likely found online,&rdquo the affidavit continues. &ldquoOf those photographs, 19 were images from [REDACTED] autopsy, likely from the photographs that had been leaked to the press in years past. There were also many photographs of what appear to be shrines to [REDACTED]. It is unknown where these shrines are located, or if they were created by Oliva or not. I observed in the contacts section of Oliva’s phone, there were many references to [REDACTED]. In the video section of the phone, I found several videos that were tributes to [REDACTED] as well.&rdquo

On Thursday, January 10, the Boulder Police Department issued a statement to the media and on its website, seemingly in response to the Daily Mail &rsquos story.

&ldquo The Boulder Police Department is aware of Gary Oliva and has investigated his potential involvement in this case, including several previous confessions,&rdquo the statement reads. &ldquoThe department routinely receives information on this investigation. Information provided to the police department is reviewed along with the many tips and theories we receive. There are no new updates in this investigation and the department will not comment further.&rdquo

Beaufort County Schools

The Beaufort County Health Department has asked BCS to determine
parental interest in COVID vaccines for 12-15 year old students .

Thanks for visiting Beaufort County Schools, North Carolina.

Our district is home to 14 schools which serve more than 6,200 students in scenic Beaufort County. Nearly 1,000 staff make up the Beaufort County Schools Team. Every staff member, regardless of his or her job title, share a common goal - the education of our students.

If Beaufort County is a potential new home for you or you are just checking out our site, we welcome your questions. You may reach our Central Services Office at 252-946-6593.

Are you an educator looking for a school district to call home? Beaufort County Schools and the surrounding community has a great deal to offer. Take a look!


Interestingly enough, the SCP Foundation exists world-wide, and SCP Foundation is on various languages displayed on the internet as their own Branches. If enough English SCP's get translated onto another language, and new unexisting SCP's get made on a different language, it escalates in a new Branch being made on that exact language. Currently 13 official and 4 unofficial Branches exist in the SCP Foundation:

On the Villains wiki, International SCP's exist such as SCP-025-FR, SCP-060-FR and SCP-015-IT.



Santa Olivia SP-3125 - History

Our movement is, and has always been, powerful and leaderful. We know that our textbooks could be filled cover to cover with the names and stories of those who contributed to the movement for racial justice in the United States. In The People’s Institute for Survival and Beyond’s more than 40 years of anti-racist organizing, we’ve been honored to grow through the wisdom and example of Black organizers in our collective. This Black History Month, we are proud to begin sharing stories of Our Black History — including people and moments in our history that make us who we are. And we won’t stop at the end of February — we celebrate Black History and our history all year long.

Dorothy Stone

Dorothy Thomas Stone (affectionately called Ms. Stone) was born on January 7, 1925 and transitioned on February 6, 2014. She was the proud and loving

Elias Clayton, Elmer Jackson, and Isaiah McGhie

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The Free Eddie Carthan Campaign

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Guide to the Olivia Rudolph Young Collection &ndash History

Author and Poet Olivia Rudolph Young was born on May 15, 1894 in Lompoc California. After living in Lompoc for most of her childhood, Olivia’s father then moved the family all over Northern California until they finally settled in the town of Alameda. While going to high school in Alameda, Olivia was startled to hear the news that her father had dropped dead of a heart attack. In response to this event, Olivia joined the local church choir. Although she took her father’s death fairly hard, Olivia’s involvement in church activities would last a lifetime, thus helping shape her poetry later in life. After high school Olivia took more courses to enhance her skills in calligraphy and eventually got a job. Shortly thereafter, Olivia met George Young, a fellow member of the choir and the two were soon married on June 25, 1913. George and Olivia Young then started a family after they purchased their first home in Oakland California.

By the time the children were on their own, Olivia had learned to play piano and organ at the local church. She also taught piano lessons during her time as the Choir Director/ Organist at the church she attended. Once Olivia had more time to herself she decided to attend poetry classes in 1946. After these classes, Olivia’s writing became more eloquent as she wrote short stories about her early life along with countless poems related to her life experiences. Despite the fact that she was fairly new at writing poetry, Olivia’s work would eventually begin to be published in magazines in the mid 1950s. These early successes would lead to the publication of her first book, Take the Dirt Road in 1960. As a collection of poems and photos taken by Olivia to accompany her writing, Take the Dirt Road was a feat in itself but she wanted more. It was around this time that the Young family moved to Auburn and later Carmel where George studied painting as Olivia began to teach poetry classes. Then in 1963 George and Olivia moved to Santa Cruz after an invitation by the Santa Cruz Chaparral requested Olivia’s help. While in Santa Cruz, Olivia became a member of the Santa Cruz Art League where she was curator for five years. Mrs. Young was also able to continue teaching poetry classes in Santa Cruz and was also honored by the Santa Cruz Chaparral many times. After spending a decade in Santa Cruz, the young family moved to Pacifica. After moving to Pacifica, George unfortunately passed away in 1972. Although her marriage of 59 years had ended, Olivia Young continued to publish poetry until her death in 1975.

Aside from her many personal accomplishments, Olivia Young’s poetry and short stories are what really set her apart from the average Santa Cruz patron. After her brief success in the 1950s and 60s, Olivia Young continued to publish poems in magazines and other literary works including another book of poetry called The Honey and the Root. Mrs. Young also published a textbook on the art of poetry with the help of her daughter Winnie Washburn called Rime Rhythm and Diction. Although she only lived in Santa Cruz for a short time, I believe that the life of Olivia Young is still a piece of history that must be explored due to the breadth and significance of her accomplishments. Overall, I hope that whomever reads this uses it as a tool to explore an amazing person and uses her experiences to enhance their own.

© 2021 Santa Cruz Museum of Art & History at the McPherson Center
705 Front Street • Santa Cruz • CA • 95060 • (831) 429-1964

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