History of Creon - History

History of Creon - History

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In Greek mythology, the brother-in-law of Oedipus, also a legendary king of Corinth.

(ARL-11: dp. 2,125; 1. 328'; b. 50'; dr. 14'; s. 12 k.; cpl. 255; a. 1 3"; cl. Achelous)

Creon was launched 24 August 1944 by Boston Navy Yard; sponsored by Mrs. M. A. Pratt; placed in partial commission 16 September 1944, Lieutenant M. G. Pooley, USNR, in command; sailed to Baltimore, Md., and decommissioned 26 September 1944 for conversion; and commissioned in full 27 January 1945, Lieutenant M. Pooley, USNR, in command.

Clearing Norfolk 4 March 1945, Creon arrived at Biak, Shouten Islands, 4 May. Moving to Morotai the next day, she conducted amphibious training exercises, and on 1 July took part in the invasion of Balikpapan. She served off Borneo until arriving at Subic Bay I August to repair landing craft there until 18 December. After loading cargo at Guam, Creon arrived at Pearl Harbor for overhaul 22 January 1946.

Assigned to the service group for Operation "Cross. roads," the atomic weapons tests in the Marshalls, Creon arrived at Kwajalein 19 March 1946 and operated there and at the test site until 10 September when she departed for overhaul at San Pedro. She served as a repair ship for LSMs and LSM(R)s at San Diego from 15 December 1946 until 27 September 1948. Following an overhaul at Long Beach Naval Shipyard, Creon put out from San Diego 10 January 1949 for Kodiak, Alaska, to participate in a large-scale cold-weather exercise. Creon returned to San Diego 4 March and there was placed out of commission in reserve 8 June 1949.

Creon received one battle star for World WarII service.


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Antigone, in Greek legend, the daughter born of the unwittingly incestuous union of Oedipus and his mother, Jocasta. After her father blinded himself upon discovering that Jocasta was his mother and that, also unwittingly, he had slain his father, Antigone and her sister Ismene served as Oedipus’ guides, following him from Thebes into exile until his death near Athens. Returning to Thebes, they attempted to reconcile their quarreling brothers— Eteocles, who was defending the city and his crown, and Polyneices, who was attacking Thebes. Both brothers, however, were killed, and their uncle Creon became king. After performing an elaborate funeral service for Eteocles, he forbade the removal of the corpse of Polyneices, condemning it to lie unburied, declaring him to have been a traitor. Antigone, moved by love for her brother and convinced of the injustice of the command, buried Polyneices secretly. For that she was ordered by Creon to be executed and was immured in a cave, where she hanged herself. Her beloved, Haemon, son of Creon, committed suicide. According to another version of the story, Creon gave Antigone to Haemon to kill, but he secretly married her and they had a son. When this son went to Thebes to compete in athletic contests, Creon recognized him and put him to death, whereupon his parents committed suicide.

A Struggle for Power

Far from evoking the usual fear of the gods and pity for doomed nobility, in the style of most Greek tragedies, “Antigone” explores the psychology behind two complex characters, one whose despair drives her to threaten the social order and the other who must respond accordingly.

The events of the play come after those of “Oedipus Rex” and “Oedipus at Colonus.” The city of Thebes is recovering from an attack led by one of Oedipus’s sons, Polynices, who hoped to take the kingdom from his brother, Eteocles, who defends the city. The battle leaves both princes dead, resulting in their uncle Creon becoming the new king.

Creon’s first law is to prohibit the burial of any enemy who attacked Thebes, including his nephew. His reasoning is clear: justice demands that patriots are buried with honors and traitors are punished by being left to rot without burial. Creon’s niece, Antigone, who is the sister of Polynices and Eteocles, immediately defies the order and buries her traitorous brother. Angered by this action along with Antigone’s words that denounce Creon’s cruelty, he sentences her to death.

Eventually, Creon changes his policy about burial when the famous prophet Tiresias tells him the gods are displeased. Unfortunately, Creon reacts too late to reverse the punishment of the gods. This precipitates the multiple tragic deaths in the final moments of the play.

First, Antigone hangs herself before Creon can save her. Then, Creon’s son Haemon, who was engaged to Antigone, curses his father and kills himself. Hearing of her son’s death, Creon’s wife Eurydice commits suicide as well. As if this weren’t enough, Tiresias informs Creon that Thebes will be attacked again soon.

On the surface, Antigone seems like a martyr protesting an unjust law while Creon is a petty dictator abusing his power. Antigone represents the righteous protester while Creon represents the corrupt state. Such is the interpretation given by writer Joseph Pearce in his summary of the play. Below the surface, however, it’s vastly more complicated.


Pancrelipases are generally a first line approach in treatment of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and other digestive disorders, accompanying cystic fibrosis, complicating surgical pancreatectomy, or resulting from chronic pancreatitis. The formulations are generally hard capsules filled with gastro-resistant granules. Pancrelipases and pancreatins are similar, except pancrelipases has an increased lipase component. [ citation needed ]

Pancreatin is a mixture of several digestive enzymes produced by the exocrine cells of the pancreas. It is composed of amylase, lipase and protease. [9] This mixture is used to treat conditions in which pancreatic secretions are deficient, such as surgical pancreatectomy, pancreatitis and cystic fibrosis. [9] [10] It has been claimed to help with food allergies, celiac disease, autoimmune disease, cancer and weight loss. Pancreatin is sometimes called "pancreatic acid", although it is neither a single chemical substance nor an acid. [ citation needed ]

Pancreatin contains the pancreatic enzymes trypsin, amylase and lipase. A similar mixture of enzymes is sold as pancrelipase, which contains more active lipase enzyme than does pancreatin. The trypsin found in pancreatin works to hydrolyze proteins into oligopeptides amylase hydrolyzes starches into oligosaccharides and the disaccharide maltose and lipase hydrolyzes triglycerides into fatty acids and glycerols. Pancreatin is an effective enzyme supplement for replacing missing pancreatic enzymes, and aids in the digestion of foods in cases of pancreatic insufficiency. [ citation needed ]

Pancreatin reduces the absorption of iron from food in the duodenum during digestion. [11]

Some contact lens-cleaning solutions contain porcine pancreatin extractives to assist in the intended protein-removal process. [12]

High doses over a long period of time are associated with fibrosing colonopathy. [13] Due to this association a maximum dose of 10,000 IU of lipase per kilogram per day is recommended. [14]

Though never reported there is a theoretical risk of a viral infection as they are from pigs. [15]

Brand names include Creon, [16] Pancreaze, Pertzye, Sollpura [ citation needed ] (Liprotamase [17] [note 1] ), Ultresa [18] , and Zenpep. [19]

Longstanding pancreatic enzyme replacement products (PERPs)—some in use for a century or more—fell under a 2006 FDA requirement that pharmaceutical companies with porcine-derived PERP products submit a New Drug Application (NDA) for each Creon (AbbVie Inc.), the first of the commercial PERP products approved after the FDA directive, reached market in 2009. [16]

The specific requirement and reasoning for the FDA directive was that manufacturers submit a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) and Medication Guide to ensure patients are adequately informed regarding potential risks associated with administration of high doses of porcine-derived PERP products, especially with regard to "the theoretical risk of transmission of viral disease from pigs to patients", the risk of which (alongside other off-target effects) is reduced by patient adherence to label dosing instructions. [16]

Due to its non-constant supply, being sourced from pigs, there have been several pancreatin shortages in different markets. [20] [21] [22]

This has led for alternative sources of enzymes to be studied and commercialised, mainly being of bacterial or fungal origin. [23] [24]

Le Reys

24 Friday May 2013

In 1355 our Castle was part of an estate, known as a domain in French, which consisted of a house called Rcys, the fortress of Rcys (our home) and many areas of the marshes that surrounded our home at that time, including Bernin, Longinus, Gourgucs, Loumiots as well as other lands at La Grange, Gabarret, Losse, Estigardes and Labastide d’Armagnac.

Our chateau seems to have been called variations of a name, Fortress of Reys, Creon Castle, Reysict and also Rcys. Very confusing! Especially as there was most likely a house called Reys as well.

Rcys, Reys, Reysict may have derived from the name of one of the English Governors of this area around the early 1300s, that of Robert Carrol or Richard Aldbury, in those days these names may have been spelt in old English. For example the name Richard is broken into two parts, the first part “ric” could mean Ruler, Leader or King and you can easily see how that could be transformed into Rcys, especially when you consider other early European ways of spelling it, in Hungary its “Ricis”, Polish its “Rys”, not to mention how it might be pronounced or spelt in the old Gascon language.

On the 1750 Cassini map I found a house or farm called Le Reysiet, it is located about 3 kms to the north east of Creon d’Armagnac. On modern maps and on Google Earth there is no house at that location, which does not surprise me for two reasons. Firstly, the 1750 will not be as accurate as modern maps and secondly, Le Reys was attacked by the Black Prince in 1355 and possible destroyed although it may have been rebuilt later on. I must visit this area and see for myself what traces are left behind. There is a house approximately 600 metres from the one marked on the Cassini map, perhaps that is it?

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In this paper, similarities and differences of Odysseus and Creon are defined. Creon and Odysseus appeared to be flawed in their character. Creon appeared to have excessive pride. He claimed to have exclusive power to give orders in the entire city. As the king, he was the only one issuing orders in the city. His character came out as domineering and insensitive. Creon is a strong leader who is stubborn. This causes him to be at loggerheads with his son, Haimon. He is blamed for the death of Haimon besides warning that he would never marry a lady of his choice as long as he lived.

For king, Odysseus, his curiosity made him appear flawed. His curiosity caused him to get near Polyphemus. This resulted in the death of two men. He insisted on waiting for a giant at the Cyclops cave. The death of king Oedipus did not end the desire by his family to continue occupying the palace. Creon shows public support for Eteocles while he announced that Polynices is an enemy of the state. However, he sets a trend of revenge and death in the family. The daughter of king Oedipus defies the order of Creon.

The order to execute Antigone faces opposition from Haimon, Ismane and Teirresias. For king Odysseus, the biggest setbacks in the journey home came from the gods who accused him of insensitivity to their needs. Both characters suffer from not meeting the set out expectations. Another striking similarity about both characters is that they get punished in retribution for their crimes. Their punishment exceeded the crimes they committed. Creon was left by himself after he was bereaved of his kinsfolk.

This came after he punished Antigone (Beye, 17). According to Creon, Haimon was so young to die. The queen was reported dead according to a messenger. Most of the family members committed suicide leaving him alone. This appeared to

Megara (Wife of Hercules)

Megara was the first wife of the Greek hero Herakles (better known as Hercules). She was the daughter of King Creon of Thebes who gave her in marriage to Hercules in gratitude for his help in winning back Creon's kingdom from the Minyans. Megara's story is best known through the work of the Greek playwright Euripides (480-406 BCE) and the later Roman playwright Seneca (4 BCE-65 CE) both of whom wrote plays concerning Hercules and Megara. Her story was known long before Euripides wrote his play, though, and different versions of her brief life with Hercules differ on detail and chronology but relate the same basic story.

Nothing is known of Megara before her marriage to Hercules. He was the son of Zeus, king of the gods, and a mortal woman named Alcmene. Zeus was married to the goddess Hera but was well-known for his affairs with mortal women. He transformed himself to appear as Alcmene's husband, slept with her, and so conceived Hercules. Hera, who was always enraged by the dalliances of her husband, dedicated herself to making Hercules' life as miserable as she possibly could. Her vendetta was made difficult, since Hercules was a demi-god and possessed super-human strength and endurance but, still, she certainly did her utmost to try to destroy him at every opportunity.


Hercules grew up in the court of his supposed-father Amphitryon, where he was tutored in all the arts and disciplines a young nobleman was required to master, such as fencing, wrestling, music, and martial skills. When he heard that the neighboring kingdom of Thebes had been taken over by Minyans and the army defeated, he led a band of Theban warriors to drive the Minyans out and restore King Creon to the throne. Creon, in gratitude, gave him Megara as wife.

Megara and Hercules had three sons (though some sources claim eight children): Therimachus, Deicoon, and Creontiades. The couple were happy with their family until Hercules was called away on some adventure and the kingdom was left defenseless. Where, exactly, Hercules goes depends upon the version of the story one reads. In Euripides' play Heracles (written c. 420-415 BCE), he is performing the last of his famous Twelve Labors and is in the underworld attempting to subdue the three-headed dog Cerberus. This same story is told in Seneca's Hercules Furens (The Madness of Hercules, written between 49-65 CE). In the older version of the myth, however, Hercules does not begin his labors until after the death of Megara and their children. In the works of Euripides and Seneca, a usurper named Lycus has taken the throne of Thebes in Hercules' absence, killed King Creon, and is now forcing marriage on Megara. The tension of the plays comes from the characters hoping Hercules will arrive in time to save them from Lycus and his schemes. When Hercules finally comes home, he defeats and kills Lycus and then gives thanks to the gods for his timely arrival and the safety of his family. As he is praying, however, he is struck by Hera with a madness in which he believes his sons are those of Lycus and that Megara is his adversary Hera, and he kills them all. The plays both end with Hercules in suicidal remorse at his deeds and his cousin Theseus helping him deal with his grief.


In the older versions of the myth, there is no coup in Thebes and no character of Lycus. Megara and Hercules and their sons are living happily in Thebes when Hera strikes Hercules with the madness which causes him to kill his children. In some versions he also kills Megara while in others her fate is not mentioned (though it seems she is killed or, in some way, dies soon after since she is never mentioned in his stories again). As in the plays, Hercules is suicidal with grief but is talked out of killing himself by his cousin Theseus who tells him he must atone for his sins instead of taking the coward's way out through death. Hercules goes to the Oracle at Delphi to ask what he must do and is sent to his cousin, the King Eurystheus, who sets him to the task of his Twelve Labors to expiate his sins.

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Megara's story was always a very popular tragedy and set the paradigm (in the myths concerning Hercules) of Hera intervening in Hercules' life at those times when things were going best for him and destroying his happiness. The plays of Euripides and Seneca only made her story more popular, and she and her children came to be seen as a sort of archetype of the innocent caught between greater conflicting forces. Hercules' second wife, Deianira, would play a similar role in his story, but she, at least, had a hand in her own death. Megara is always portrayed in the myths as the guiltless innocent who, with her children, suffers a meaningless and brutal death. Later portrayals of her, such as the animated Disney film Hercules (1997), depict her as a con artist who is redeemed from her difficult past through her relationship with the hero. No ancient depictions of Megara present her in this light at all. Her role in the 2014 film Hercules, while not exact, is much closer to her traditional portrayal.

1477 W. Ann Arbor Trail

1477 W. Ann Arbor Trail was built in 1938 by Cass & Margaret Hough. Their first home was actually the first home built in the Hough Park neighborhood (located at 1395 Park Place). When this Georgian Colonial was built, it was constructed to the satisfaction of wife Margaret who loved many homes in New England and this home shares many attributes of some of her favorite houses. At the time of construction, Cass was the President of the Daisy Air Rifle factory and was a third generation Hough family member to serve as an executive for the company. An interesting note about the stone wall that sits at the perimeter of the property is the fact that Cass built the wall in 1920 well before the home was built.

In 1941 the Detroit News (newspaper) featured this home in an article touting its elegance and beauty. In 1955 Cass and Margaret had split up. Margaret continued to live here for another ten years. In 1965 a couple happen to be driving through town and came to a stop and got out of their vehicle to admire this home. A woman by the name of Janet Warrick insisted to her husband Chip that they get out and speak to the owner. The couple met with Margaret and stated that if she would consider selling her home to please contact them. Margaret contacted them not long after their meeting and agreed to sell her home to the eager couple. In 1965 this 3700 SQFT, 5 Bedroom, 4.5 bath home was sold to the Warricks. They loved everything about this home so much that it was virtually left “untouched” until 2010 when the home was sold to new owners.

Cass Hough not only served as the President of Daisy but was also a war hero that served as a pilot during WWII and is featured in the Aviation Hall of Fame. Cass passed away at his Florida home in 1990 and was laid to rest here in Plymouth at the Riverside Cemetery.

Cass Hough 1949 presenting awards

“It’s a Daisy!” is the most complete published book about the history of Daisy written by Cass Hough in 1976.

1477 W. Ann Arbor Trail in the winter.

History of Creon - History

Mythology & Beliefs : Creon

Creon in Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (Κρέων). 1. A mythical king of Corinth, a son of Lycaethus. (Hyg. Fab. 25, calls him a son of Menoecus, and thus confounds him with Creon of Thebes.) His daughter, Glauce, married Jason, and Medeia, who found herself forsaken, took vengeance by sending Glauce a garment which destroyed her by fire when she put it on. (Apollod. 1.9.28 Schol. ad Eurip. Med. 20.) According to Hyginus (l.c.) Medeia's present consisted of a crown, and Creon perished with his daughter, who is there called Creusa. (Comp. Diod. 4.54.)2. A son of Menoecus, and king of Thebes. After the death of Laius, Creon gave the kingdom to Oedipus, who had delivered the country from the Sphinx but after Oedipus had laid down the government, Creon resumed it. His tyrannical conduct towards the Argives, and especially towards Antigone, is well known from the Oedipus and Antigone of Sophocles. Creon had a son, Haemon, and two daughters, Henioche and Pyrrha. (Apollod. 3.5.8, 7.1 Paus. 9.10.3.) A third mythical Creon is mentioned by Apollodorus. (2.7.8.) - A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, William Smith, Ed.

Creon in Wikipedia Creon (Attic Greek: Κρέων - Kreōn, meaning "ruler") is a figure in Greek mythology best known as the ruler of Thebes in the legend of Oedipus. He had three children: Megareus, Menoeceus, and Haemon with his wife, Eurydice. Creon and his sister, Jocasta, were descendants of Cadmus and of the Spartoi. Creon figures prominently in the plays Oedipus the King and Antigone written by Sophocles.

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